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What is Melasma? How do I treat it during the summer?

What is Melasma? How do I treat it during the summer?

What is Melasma?

At Allure Infinite Beauty, Med spa in Tempe, Arizona, our team of skin care professionals are very versed in treating hyperpigmentation and melasma. Hormonally induced melasma, often referred to as chloasma or the “mask of pregnancy,” is associated with hormonal fluctuations, especially during pregnancy or when using hormonal birth control. While the discoloration may fade on its own after hormonal changes stabilize, it is also important to know that you never truly get “rid” of melasma but you must continually control it. Knowing what can trigger a melasma flair up is important, especially in the summer months. With the high temps and bright sunny days all year long that we see in Arizona its important to know the facts to help control your melasma. Here are some strategies you can consider to manage hormonally induced melasma:

  1. Sun Protection:
      • Use Sunscreen: Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher every day, even on cloudy days. Reapply every two hours, especially if you’re sweating or swimming. Allure Infinite Beauty carries a variety of sun care products that keep your skin protected and hydrated!
      • Seek Shade: Stay in the shade, particularly during peak sun hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.).
      • Stay Cool: Excessive heat and sweating can also cause a melasma flair up. Making the pigment appear darker for a period of time.


  1. Protective Clothing:
      • Wear wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses, and clothing that covers your skin to minimize direct sun exposure. Clothing that offer SPF protection is best.


  1. Topical Treatments:
      • Consult with a dermatologist or esthetician for topical treatments that may include hydroquinone, retinols, or corticosteroids. Products that offer tyrosinase inhibitors, such as Kojic acid, are best for keeping pigment under control.
      • Vitamin C serums and other antioxidants can be beneficial for melasma. They may help reduce oxidative stress caused by UV exposure.


  1. Gentle Cleansing:
      • Use a mild cleanser to avoid irritating the skin. Harsh cleansers can exacerbate melasma. Avoiding excessive mechanical and physical exfoliation is also advsed.


  1. Avoid Triggers:
      • Identify and avoid triggers that may worsen melasma, such as certain medications or hormonal changes.
      • Avoid “hot” facial treatments such as IPL Photofacials or certain chemical peels that can heat the tissue up causing a melasma flair up. At Allure Infinite Beauty we have a variety melasma safe treatments.


  1. Chemical Peels and Microneedling:
PCAskin Chemical Peel
      • Chemical peels, microneedling and some laser facials, are all safe treatments which can help improve the appearance of melasma. However, these treatments should be performed cautiously during the summer, as they can increase sensitivity to the sun. Although they are safe to receive during the hotter Arizona months, it’s best to avoid excessive or extended sun exposer for 7-14 days post treatment.


  1. Hydration:
      • Keep your skin well-hydrated with a suitable moisturizer. Hydrated skin is generally more resilient and less prone to irritation. We love HydraBright by PCASkin to help hydrate and control pigment simultaneously, your skin will love this whipped texture and nourishing hydration.
PCAskin HydraBright
  1. Laser Therapy:
      • In some cases, some laser therapy may be recommended. At Allure Infinite Beauty we take several precautions before introducing any laser treatments to patients with melasma. Also taking into consideration each client and their specific concerns before recommending any laser facials. However, sun exposure should be avoided before and after these procedures.


  1. Consult a Skin Professional:
  • Melasma can be challenging to treat, and individual responses to treatments vary. It’s crucial to consult with a skin care professional who can tailor a treatment plan based on your specific needs and skin type.
arizona esthetician

Remember that consistency is key, and it may take time to see results. Always consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist before starting any new treatment for melasma.